The stock market is one of the main parts of the financial market where can buy and sale of securities. Securities are stocks, bonds, promissory notes, checks, investment units, futures, options, and others.
The stock market is a mechanism that ensures the transfer of funds from one sector of the economy to another.
The participants of the stock market are:
- Issuers – companies and government organizations that issue securities;
- Investors — buyers of securities;
- Professional market participants – individuals and companies for whom trading on the stock market is a professional activity (dealers, brokers, investment funds, etc.).